Bycatch, conservatory offsets and least-cost biodiversity impact mitigation

Fisheries bycatch management is a central issue in modern fisheries management and biodiversity conservation. Its effective control can be considered under the conventional Biodiversity Impact Mitigation (BIM) hierarchy. Conservatory offsets which, contrary to conventional compensatory offsets used as measure of last resort, constitute an integral part of conservatory measures, can be used to achieve least cost conservation and optimize conservation outcomes for a given budget. A collaboration between the US NMFS, ISSF and IUCN-CEM-FEG illustrates the concept and its ongoing implementation in a sea turtle conservation programme by the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation.

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